St. Constantine of Cornwall,
King of Dumnonia
(Welsh: Custennin; Latin: Constantinus; English: Constantine)
Constantine probably succeeded his father, Cado, as King of Dumnonia in the early 6th century. Literary tradition indicates AD 537, after the Battle of Camlann from which, some sources say, "Sir Constantine" was the only survivor. He was also, apparently left the High-Kingship of Britain, at this time, by his cousin, King Arthur. Despite such apparent positions of honour, Constantine was described as the "unclean whelp of the lioness of Dumnonia" by his contemporary, St. Gildas. He was rebuked for disguising himself as a Bishop in order to sacrilegiously murder his two nephews in the sanctity of a church. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, these were, in fact, the treacherous sons of the evil usurper, Mordred, who were killed in Winchester & London.
There were many noble Constantines
abroad around this period and it is difficult to separate one from
another. However, it appears that, as an old man, this King's character
was greatly changed through grief brought about by the death of his loving
wife. One day, while out hunting a deer, his prey took shelter in St.
Petroc's cell. So impressed was the King by the saint's power that
he and his body guard immediately converted to Christianity. Constantine
gave Petroc an ivory hunting horn in commemoration of the event and this
was long reverred along with the Saint's other relics at Bodmin.
The King became co-founder of this famous Cornish monastery and, soon
afterward, abdicated the throne in favour of his son, Bledric,
in order to take up the religious life himself. He moved amongst his
people, founding churches at the two Constantines, near Padstow and
Falmouth, and at Illogan; also at Milton Abbot and Dunsford in Devon.
Later, he travelled across the Bristol Channel to join St.
Dewi (David) at Mynyw (St. Davids), where he resided as a monk for
many years. He founded the church at Cosheston, near Pembroke, but
eventually settled as a hermit in Costyneston (Cosmeston) near Cardiff. He
may have died there, though there are persistent stories that he travelled
still further north and preached to the people of Galloway before being
martyred in Kintyre on 9th March AD 576. The traditions of St. Constantine
of Cornwall & St. Constantine of
Strathclyde are, however, much confused.
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