Soldiers from All
- Many Roman
soldiers were 'auxiliaries'. This name means 'helpers'.
- They were not regular
Roman soldiers. They came from non-Roman tribes
and wore very different uniforms.
- They were formed into
special cohorts (infantry units) or alae (cavalry units). Many of them were stationed at the forts
on Hadrian's Wall.
- Each cohort was from a
different part of the Empire and had a special
- skilled horse-riding
- rock slinging
- spear throwing
- some other special way of
- Each man served for 25
years, but auxiliaries were not
given any land when they retired.
- From the 3rd century,
there were also irregular units of mercenaries, hired from the
local Britons. They were called numeri.
- When the Roman
army left Britain in the late 4th & early 5th
centuries, the auxiliaries went too. The Roman way of life
then fell apart.