What it was all
- When the Saxons
first settled in Britain,
they were pagans. The Pope
thought this was bad. He was in charge of the Christians. He
lived in Rome.
- In AD 597, the Pope sent
a missionary called St. Augustine to persuade the Saxons to
become Christians. He did this in Canterbury in Kent.
- Lots of other
missionaries followed him. They went to different parts of the
- Some of these
missionaries came from the Roman Church in Europe and some
came from Ireland. The Roman and Irish priests did things
differently. They had a big argument about when to celebrate
Easter. In AD 664, King Oswiu of
Northumbria had to call a big meeting to decide. The Roman
- The Archbishop of
Canterbury was in charge of all the bishops and priests in
England. The bishops were in charge of all the priests in an
area of land called a 'diocese' or 'bishopric'.
- At the centre of each
diocese, the bishops built cathedrals. Across the country,
priests built minster churches.
- Do you know of any
minsters near you? Groups of priests lived at them. They went
out into the countryside and taught people about the Bible.
- There were also many monasteries.
- Later, small churches
were built in almost every village in the country. Each one
had its own priest. These are called parish churches. Where is
your parish church?
Click to find
the churches were like