that Arthur was Real.
- Historians argue a lot
about whether Arthur really existed.
- Most historians think
that Arthur did exist because he is referred to in books
written not long after his death. This is supposed to have
been in the early 6th century.
- About AD 600, a famous
bard (a poet who sung to his audience), named Aneirin, wrote a
poem called ‘Y Gododdin’ (an area of Scotland called
Lothian today). It was about a big battle in Yorkshire between
the Romano-British and the Saxons. In it, he says that one of
the British warriors was a great hero but he was not as good
- In the late 8th century,
Welsh monks (possibly at St. Davids) started keeping a
calendar of what happened in each year. From books they had
which no longer exist, they also filled in details of earlier
years. The calendar is called the ‘Welsh Annals’.
- In their calendar, the
monks said that Arthur won the Battle of Mount Badon in AD 516
and he died fighting with or against a man named Medrod in AD
537. However, they may have made a mistake with the exact
- About AD 829, a monk
named Nennius wrote a book called ‘The History of the
Britons’. He wrote down what he had read in older books. He
gives details of 12 battles which Arthur fought against the
Saxons. One of these was the Battle of Mount Badon. He also
mentions the grave of Arthur’s son which was a famous
- However, only a single
book called ‘The Ruin
& Conquest of Britain’ survives from the time
when Arthur was alive. It was written by a monk named Gildas.
- Unfortunately, he does
not mention Arthur. He does mention the Battle of Mount Badon.
He also mentions several British ‘tyrants’ (a king who
ruled a small region).
- One of the ‘tyrants’
was named Cuneglasus. He also used the nickname, the “Charioteer
of Din Arth”. Din Arth is a Welsh phrase which some people
say, in English, means the “Fort of Arthur”.
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