in the Dark Ages
- The first
Saxons didn't like living in old British towns.
- By the late 7th century, the
Saxons began to set up their own towns. This may have been organised
by a local king.
- The towns were big centres of
industry (making things) and trade (selling things). So they were often on big rivers or by the sea.
Ships from abroad could reach these places easily.
- They are sometimes called
'emporia' (the plural of 'emporium').
- Today these towns have the word
'wich' in them. A good example is Ipswich in Suffolk.
- Early Saxon London was around
the Strand. This was west of the old Romano-British city. It was known
as Londonwic. Today, this name remains in the road 'Aldwich' meaning
the 'Old Wich'.
- Archaeologists have dug up big
areas of Saxon Southampton. This place was called Hamwic (see
- The houses and workshops were
made of wood. They had thatched roofs. They were similar to those in villages.
- There were lots of industries at
work. These included working in metal, glass, bone and cloth.
- There were also two wooden
churches in Hamwic.
to find out: All about Saxon Walled Towns.