Ruling the Village
is a great hall. It is the home of Thane (or
Thegn) Cuthred. His friends call him Cutha.
- A thane had to own "five
hides of land, a bell, a castle-gate, a seat" and have a
"special office in the King's Hall".
- Cutha owns all the land
in the village and the local area. He owns lands elsewhere too
and sometimes lives on those instead.
- He is very powerful. Everyone in
the village has to do what he says
and come and work on his land for one or more days a week:
ploughing, harrowing, weeding, harvesting, haymaking &
- He is very rich. He can afford to
live in a great hall where he can feast and his minstrel
can entertain his friends. This
stands in a special enclosed area away from the rest of the
village where there are also other buildings for the thane to use.
- He has made a promise to be loyal
to the King and has a job as one of the Royal huntsman. He must join
the the King's army in
times of war, and bring men from the village with him.
- Cutha has a seal (for sealing
letters and documents) to prove how important he is.
- Cutha pays for the repair roads and bridges
for the villagers and makes sure everyone obeys the laws.
- When he is not there, his steward
or 'village reeve' runs things for him.