Who were they?
- The Saxons were named
after a type of sword they used called a 'Sax'.
- The Saxons originally
lived in Europe. Some of them came to live in Britain during the Dark
- The word 'Saxon' refers
to several groups of people from Northern Germany and Southern
Denmark. They were a type of Germanic people.
- They are sometimes
called 'Anglo-Saxons'. This refers to two groups: the Angles
and the Saxons. It can also mean the 'English Saxons'.
- The part of Britain
which the Anglo-Saxons took over was named 'England' after
them. It means
'Land of the Angles'.
- They all spoke a
language similar to English. It is usually called 'Old
English'. They used a type of writing
called Runes for name tags and
- Strictly speaking, the
Saxons came from North-West Germany. Some of them moved south
to set up Upper Saxony. The Angles came from Angeln in South-West
Denmark. A third group, called the Jutes, came from Jutland in
- Tradition says that the
Saxons settled in Southern England; the Angles settled in East
Anglia, the Midlands and Northern England; the Jutes settled
in Kent, Hampshire & on the Isle of Wight.
- Other groups who settled
in Britain can also be called 'Saxons'. These include the
Frisians, the Franks and the Swabians.