Two Saxon Kingdoms
in the North
- Traditionally, Yorkshire, Durham
and Northumberland were settled by a Saxon
group called Anglians, from Angeln
- They set up two kingdoms:
- Deira was a kingdom based in
East Yorkshire. It is a British
word meaning 'Land of the Water Dwellers'
because they lived on the banks of the River Humber. The
first king was a man named Aelle. He lived in the late 6th
century. The kings lived in York. Their Royal monastery
was at Whitby.
- Bernicia was a kingdom based
in Northumberland. Its name is the Saxon version of the
British Kingdom of Bryneich. The first king was a man
named Ida the Burner. He lived in the mid-6th century. The
kings lived in Bamburgh. Their Royal monastery was at
- The two kingdoms did not get on
and there was a big war between them. Eventually the Deiran
Royal family were all killed. The two kingdoms merged and
became known as Northumbria.
- The Kings of Northumbria lived at
Yeavering, Bamburgh, York and Doncaster.
- There were three very famous
Kings of Northumbria: Edwin, Oswald &
- Later, the Vikings took over many
parts of Northumbria, especially Yorkshire.