Roman Province on
the Edge of the World
- After the
conquered Britain, it became part of the Roman Empire. An area
of the Empire like this was called a province. A governor
ruled it for the Emperor.
- In their Brythonic
language, the British called their island 'Prydein,' but the
Romans spoke Latin and called it 'Britannia'.
- At first, Britannia was
one province. Then it was split into 2 provinces, and then 4. There were capitals
cities at Londinium (London), Corinium (Cirencester), Eboracum
(York) and Lindum (Lincoln).
- The governors were then
called consuls or presidents. The island became a big province
called a 'diocese'. It was ruled for the Emperor by a more
important governor called a vicarius.
- The Roman army helped
the governor rule the island.
- The Romans brought lots
of new ideas to Britain. This is called 'Romanization'.
- However, the British
kept many of their old Celtic ways too.
- People came to trade
with and live in Britain from all over the
- The Romans set up towns
with local councils. Each ruled over the surrounding area
called a 'civitas' (like a county). They collected farm
produce and money in taxes for the Emperor.
- The Romans ruled Britain
for nearly 400 years.
- Eventually, troubles
back in Rome forced the army to go
home to try and sort them out. Britain was told it had to look