The Romans invaded Britain
- The British had been
helping the Gauls (in France) fighting against the Roman
Emperor, Julius Caesar. This made him very angry.
- He sent an army to
- He wanted to show what a
fantastic emperor he was.
- However, he
underestimated the strength of the British army.
- The two sides met in
battle, but it is unclear who won.
- The Romans then turned
round and went home.
- In Britain, there was a
strong King of the Catuvellauni tribe (pronounced cat-oo-well-orn-ee)
from Hertfordshire, called Caswallon. He threw King Andwrag of
the Trinovantes tribe (pronounced trin-o-wan-tays) out of
- Andwrag fled to Rome and
asked Caesar for help.
- Caesar's reputation as a
great leader had been damaged by his last failed invasion.
- So he agreed to help and
sent another army to Britain.
- The Romans defeated the
British in Kent and pushed well into the Midlands to capture
- However, they agreed to
make peace with one another instead.
- The Romans left. In
return, Andwrag got his throne back, but the British also had
to pay the Emperor lots of money every year.
The third and final
invasion took place just under a hundred years later, in AD 43.
This time, the Romans took over
almost all the country.