EBK Activity Sheets


Saxon Village Houses
Homes for Ordinary People in the Dark Ages

An Anglo-Saxon Farm House -  Nash Ford Publishing

  • Ordinary Saxons usually lived in small villages. These would be made up of about four or five farms.
  • The farm houses were rectangular and made of wooden planks. The roofs were thatched with reeds or straw.
  • They had only one floor, but some had a gallery too. There was sometimes more than one room.
  • They built smaller buildings too. They were built over a rectangular hole dug in the ground. They are called 'Grub Huts'. Some seem to have had wooden floorboards over the hole (to stop rot & create a cellar?). While others had steps down into the hole. There would be two or three grub buts associated with each farm house. They were probably used as:
  • Archaeologists have dug up the remains of several Saxon villages. The picture is of one found at West Stow in Suffolk. It has been rebuilt and you can visit it.
  • There were hearths inside where the people could make a fire to cook on and to keep them warm.
  • Ordinary people probably didn't have much furniture.
  • They kept their animals near the house. They grew crops nearby.
  • Although everyone farmed, some people in the village also had other special skills.
  • Some ordinary Saxons lived in similar buildings near the 'great halls' of their lord or king.
  • When buildings became old, the Saxons would move out and build new ones next to them. Over time, the whole village would move from its original site.
  • Activity Sheet available.

An Anglo-Saxon Grub Hut -  Nash Ford Publishing


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