Military Numbers in Britain
- Just like today, the army
in Roman Britannia was
organised into units of different sizes.
- There were originally
four main army units called 'legions' (each with about 5,000
soldiers) sent to Britain.
- The 2nd Augustan
Legion - stationed at Isca Augusta (Caerleon) in South
- The 9th Spanish
Legion - stationed at Eboracum (York) in Yorkshire, but
they only stayed for about 70 years. They were replaced by
the 6th Victorious Legion.
- The 14th Geminan
Legion - only stayed for 20 years
- The 20th Victorious
Valerian Legion - stationed at Deva Victrix (Chester) in
- Each legion was
commanded by a legate. They were divided into 9 cohorts. Each
cohort was made up of 6 centuries. A century had about 80 men
commanded by a centurion.
- The legions sent out
smaller units, called 'vexellations,' to where they were
needed around the province. So there were Roman forts all over
- There were also lots of
cohorts of 'auxiliaries' (which means helpers).
Lots of them were stationed on Hadrian's