What it was all
- At the time the Romans
left Britain, a lot of people in the country were
Christians. Although some people didn't go to church much.
- The Romans had not ruled
in Scotland and there were not many of them in Cornwall.
Christianity was not popular in these areas.
- A popular Christian
symbol, at this time, was a Chi-Rho (see picture). It showed
the first and last letters of Christ's name.
Arthur was a Christian. Nennius tells us how he had a
shield with a picture of Christ's mother, St. Mary, on it.
- Like today, priests
looked after the ordinary people and held services for them in
churches on Sunday.
- There were bishops in
charge of the priests in some areas. They worked for the Pope.
It was difficult for
them to look after their followers during Saxon attacks and
the Pope could not help them. He lived a long way away in
- The bishops moved around
a lot, but they may have had cathedrals in places like
Caerleon and Carlisle. Others were later set up in places like
Bangor, St. Davids and Hereford.
- Some Christians spent
their whole lives praying and doing good things. They might be
monks or nuns. Some of them were later
thought to be special people and were called saints.
- Christianity was quite
new and there were sometimes big arguments about what
Christians should believe. A British priest called Pelagius
started one argument in the 5th century. An Italian missionary
called Augustine started another one in the 6th century.
Click to find
the churches were like