in a Staffordshire
- Archaeologists are still
looking closely at the objects from the Staffordshire
They want to see what they can tell us about life in this part
of Anglo-Saxon England.
- Lichfield is the nearest
town to the field where the hoard was found. It was an
important Christian centre in Anglo-Saxon times. The cathedral
there was founded by St. Chad in AD 669.
- Lichfield is near
Tamworth. This town became the capital of the Anglo-Saxon
Kingdom of Mercia in the late 6th
- The objects in the
Staffordshire Hoard are very expensive. The garnets probably
came from Sri Lanka, half-way round the World.
- Like at Sutton
Hoo, the objects must have belonged to the richest of
people, probably kings, princes and nobles. There were no
- The objects were
probably broken off the armour and weapons of warriors killed
- Objects like this are
called 'spoils' or 'booty'. They are talked about in a famous
Anglo-Saxon poem called 'Beowulf'.
- They may have been
collected together so they could be used again to make new
weapons and armour for the winning side.
- There were also Christian
objects. They had been crushed. So perhaps they were collected by pagans.
- The crosses may have
been carried by priests in front of an army, so that God would
help them win.
- Most of the objects seem
to be from the 7th century.
- In about AD 630, the
pagan King Penda of Mercia
made an alliance (an agreement to work together) with the
British Christian king, Cadwallon
of Gwynedd (North Wales).
- They marched to Northumbria
and defeated its Christian king, Edwin,
and his armies in many battles. They took over Northumbria for
about four years. They stripped it of all its riches, then
went home. Was the hoard booty from Northumbria?
- Hoards (buried
precious metals, jewels and other valuable objects were
usually buried for safety during times of war, particularly
when there were raids by foreign armies.
- In AD 655, King Penda
was killed in battle and the Northumbrians took over Mercia
for three years. Was this when the hoard was buried to keep it
safe? What do